Following up with the pictures of the moon taken with a Nikon camera on a 114mm Newtonian telescope, I have recently bought a quite cheap CCD camera. There are a few advantages and a few drawbacks.
Here are the qualities of the CCD:
very easy to mount directly on the telescope
directly exposed to the object without any extra lenses
instant results on the computer screen with a large view of objects in full screen
need to have a computer around (along with the brightness of the screen that can have an impact on your night vision)
no possibility of playing with contrast/exposure time since it is a cheap camera, you have to rely on the automatic settings, some more expensive ones do have these kinds of settings, but that’s definitely another budget
And here are the qualities of a full camera:
playing with contrast/exposure time depending on the object you’re trying to take – the moon and a deep sky object will definitely not want the same settings
mounting the camera on the telescope is not difficult but needs some precautions
having to go through at least an eyepiece and a refractor can create a lot of chromatic aberrations and distortions, as seen on the pictures in that post (look out for a blue halo around the moon or around the craters, for instance) compared to the ones in this current post.
the weight of the camera can be an extra load on the telescope’s mount, especially if the mount is already reaching its limits with the tube on its own
So finally, here are two sample pictures taken on the same telescope:
Note that those pictures were taken from my balcony, right in the middle of the city, and all astronomers know that this is the worst setting to do any kind of viewing and especially any kind of photography. The thing is that you won’t realize what this really means until you see this video (2Mb):
See the wobbling? That’s the air heated unevenly that moves around. It somehow totally reminds me of what you see when you look at the bottom of a very very still pool filled with water, look at this one:
Isn’t that simply amazing?